Read all about it……. Echoes of our past NEWS
What was in the local news this weekend in 1882?
MAIN NEWS –
*Bakewell Board of Guardians monthly meeting –
The meeting was officiated over by Lord Edward Cavendish. Vice Chairmen G W Furniss and M Wood Esq’s, C Sorby Esq and twenty of the Bakewell Union Guardians. The topics of discussion were -
Improvements in the house
The clothes drying area was “quite inadequate” to fulfil its role and it was suggested by the Committee that a wall be removed at the back of the house, in order to enlarge the present drying area. The cost to the Union would be low as the land was not already in use. It was also pointed out that the inmates would be able to provide the labour to dismantle the wall.
The Guardians agreed that the improvements be carried out.
Paupers Christmas Dinner
The Master of the Workhouse requested permission from the Guardians to furnish the inmates with their usual “extra” dinner on Christmas Day. The request however was received with differing attitudes by the Guardians.
Mr Ward moved and Mr Garton seconded the request, but added that non-inmates should attend by ticket only. Another Guardian stated that the extra Christmas meal was for inmates only.
Mr Harrison put forward a proposal that “there should be no Christmas dinner”. He added that he “neither liked a feast nor a fast and a thing of that sort did neither rich nor poor people any good, and he thought it was a waste”. The response from the Chairman to this suggestion was to ask Mr Harrison if he thought others would second this amendment. To which Mr Harrison replied “I don’t know my Lord, they can please themselves”.
The result of the request that the poor of Bakewell and district who found themselves in such a sad state to be inmates in the Bakewell workhouse on Christmas Day should receive an extra Christmas meal was a resounding “yes” and Mr Harrison was on his own with his “scrooge” opinion on Christmas.
Sick Club dispute
An elderly man named David Skelton wrote to the Guardians for assistance in his claim for money from a sick club at Taddington, which he had paid into for 25 years. Mr Skelton was suffering from rheumatics, but as the sick club would not pay him his dues he was forced to receive out-relief from the Union, which although he was “very thankful” for he thought he should receive his money from the sick club instead.
The case had been referred earlier to the County Court, but the sick club claimed that Mr Skelton was too old when he joined the club and was thus not entitled to any relief from them. Mr Skelton could however prove that a man older than he was on joining was obtaining money from the club.
The committee heard how Mr Skelton was now living with his daughter and was described as a “tottering old man”. It also transpired that Mr Skelton had been withdrawn from the club as he was found working whilst receiving sick pay.
The board decided that the issue was to complex and that is was best that they did interfere.
The board heard how the suggestions made at an earlier meetingby Mr Basil Cane, the Poor Law Inspector had all been achieved. The porters lodge had been enlarged, there was now a receiving ward and the ventilation matters had been attended to. Mr Cane thought that the alterations would “add to the comfort of the inmates” to which a round of applause was heard.
Scandal in the House
At the last meeting on 20th November discussion was led involving an inmate named Fanny Goodwin. The Committee had been left with instruction to discover the paternity of the child. At this time the Committee had failed to achieve their objectives, due to the mother refusing to give the name of the father and also the “evasive and unwilling manner” of the inmates to give evidence.
It was moved by Mr Senior and seconded by Mr Garton that the issue is resolved and no further investigation would take place.
Music for inmates
The Master of the workhouse requested a harmonium, so that it may be used at the services in the House. An instrument could be bought for £15-£20 and the money would come from the collection which had been previously carried out to purchase books for the Workhouse.
Almost all present agreed with this request, the inmates would soon be listening to the beautiful music of the harmonium.
Not all the Guardians however saw the merits; Mr Harrison stated “it seems to me we are going to make the place uncommonly nice (laughter) so that everybody will want to come here”.
Final request from the Master
The meeting finished on a sad note, when the Master (Mr Walters) announced that he and his wife had applied for a position in London. They would be paid £250 plus rations. Mr Walters requested that the Board would provide him with a character testimonial if required.
The Chairman and other members responded that although they would hope that they would not lose the service of Mr and Mrs Walters, they did appreciate that they would benefit from bettering their position and so would grant a testimonial if applied for.
OTHER ITEMS –
*Attempted suicide –
The wife of a Mr Thomspon an engine tenter of Danesmoor, Clay Cross was found having had her throat cut and the razor still being left in her throat. The Thompson’s lived in a row of five cottages and their neighbour was a PC Thompson who had found Mrs Thompson. At this time she is still alive but in a serious condition. Mr Thompson the husband was at work that afternoon being employed by the Clay Cross Company.
*Emigration to Canada –
Due to the demand for labour in Canada assisted passage was being advertised at £3 each. The trip would leave from Liverpool to Quebec. The sought after occupations were; agriculturalists, agricultural labourers and female domestic servants. For £4 passage general labourers and mechanics were also required.
*Disorderly women –
Mary Clare and Esther Holmes both of Stonegravels were charged with being “common prostitutes” and behaving in a riotous manner in Knifesmith Gate on 2nd December. Mary Clare was sentenced to 6 weeks and Esther Holmes 5 week’s imprisonment.
*Thomas Archer eldest son of Samuel Archer of Hilton Grange to Sarah Ann Parker eldest daughter of Francis Parker of “the Oldhams”, married on 20th November at Youlegreave.
*George Anthony Hartland youngest son of Mr William Hartland of Woolhope, Herefordshire to Emily Rose Thompson of Derby, married on 14th November at St Luke’s Church, Derby.
*Michael Smith aged 55 years at Lings Row, North Wingfield
*Robert Henderson aged 5 months at Brickyard, Chesterfield
*Lizzie Walton Eyre aged 1 year at White Bank Cottage, Hasland
*Gertrude Slack aged 1 year at Knifesmith Gate, Chesterfield
*G Landgraf head artist for Derby Crown Porcelain died on 26th November at Bamberg, Bavaria after a long illness he was 42 years old
*Isabella Rodgers daughter of Jacob and Emma Rodgers aged 2 years at Alfreton
*Joseph Collins aged 66 years at Cavendish Square, Newbold
*Henry Heathcote aged 49 years at Marsden Street, Chesterfield
Snow was causing havoc over the North of Great Britain, “the great snow block now extends more or less over the entire North of Great Britain”. Many trains were abandoned stuck in the snow. The trains in between Sheffield and Manchester were all blocked in on Wednesday night and the passengers which stopped at Penistone arrived at Sheffield at 6am next morning.
In North Derbyshire the snow had fallen “with great violence”; not only the amount of snow but the gale that blew alongside. All traffic was almost suspended. The farmers at Taddington and Millers Dale had great difficulty in transporting their milk to the railway station and extra staff was kept on duty to clear the lines. Buxton and Chapel-en-le-frith were both almost deserted as the snow fell and became blocked.
The commercial aspect of Christmas was even evident back in 1882 –
The South Kensington Fine art Association were advertising “Grand Christmas Gifts” for sale. Magnificent oil paintings for 2s 6d could be delivered all over England and would provide a “more useful and lasting Christmas and New Year’s present.
The Association was also selling Christmas and New Year’s cards with pictures taken from the original designs of the eminent English artists. The cards included a prose or verse, written by “writers of great talent”. Thirteen cards could be purchased for 1s and would be forwarded to the purchaser free of charge.
Local business man T P Wood was also aiming to flourish from the Christmas season. He was selling Christmas Boxes for 22s which would include the following refreshments –
1 bottle Old Rum
1 bottle Old Irish Whiskey
1 bottle Cognac Brandy
1 bottle Crusted Port
1 bottle Pale Sherry
1 bottle Best London Gin
1 bottle Essence of Punch (which would make 2 bowls of punch)
After consuming the liquor, if you are able to safely find the shop then on returning the bottles and the case a refund of 2s would be given – who could resist such a bargain?