Wednesday, 13 February 2013

Update of the PAST NEWS.... 7th February 1857

Catch up on the full story of last weeks NEWS...........

*The sewing machine –

An actual patent for a model of a sewing machine was first issued to English man named Thomas Saint in 1790.  He had developed the idea for use in sewing leather and canvas and it is not known whether an actual machine was ever built.  Thomas was a cabinet maker by trade and his skill was shown in the way he used his knowledge to design the sewing machine.

Over the next decade numerous sewing machines were built all around the world; Austrian tailor was able to produce an actual working machine in 1814.  In America Elias Howe was the first to patent a working machine in 1845 which caught the eye of Isaac Marritt Singer.  Back in England, many years later in 1874 a man named William Newton Wilson found the patent of Thomas’s machine and with slight amendments to the looper, he built his own machine. 

Over the years ahead the machine was adapted and improved until it became more able to undertake various different types of stitches including crochet and even stitching button holes.  Just a year earlier than the sewing machine was being shown to the locals of Chesterfield the four main companies who each manufactured sewing machine came together as one; the sewing machine combination was formed on 10th March 1856.  The companies were Singer, Howe, Wheeler and Wilson and Grover and Baker.  The combination meant that the men would pool their patents as previously there had been much suing for stealing ideas.  From 1856 to 1877 any other manufacturer had to pay a fee of $15 per machine and obtain a licence.

To read more –

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*The happy couple –
Martha Manknell and Leonard Worrall married on 1st February 1857 at the Holy Trinity Church, Chesterfield.
Leonard was born in Chesterfield in 1835, the son of Stephen and Mary Agnes Worrall who lived on Newbold Road.  Stephen was a watchman in 1851.  Leonard was baptised at St Marys and All Saints Parish Church in Chesterfield on 7th March 1835.
At the young age of 16 years old Leonard obviously had artistic talent as on the 1851 census he was described as a “painter composition”.  By 1861 and after only 4 years of marriage Leonard and Martha have 4 children; Alfred aged 3 years, Mary E aged 2 years, William Joseph aged 1 year and baby Herbert Foster aged just 1 month at the time of the census.  The family live at Lievesley Yard off of Portland Street and Leonard is employed as a printer.
Move on 10 years to 1871 and Leonard and his family have moved away from Chesterfield to nearby Sheffield.  They are living at 3 Montfort Street at Brightside Bierlow and Leonard is employed as a printer compositor.  They have 3 more children; Alice aged 5 years, Leonard aged 1 year and Agnes a new-born at less than 1 month old. 
The family still live in Sheffield in 1881 at 45-47 Fitzalen Street at Brightside Bierlow.  May be the printing business was not earning a decent living, but now Leonard runs a grocery and provisions shop as well as being a printer compositor.
Leonard died on 28th October 1890.  His address at the time was 31 and 33 Fitzalan Street and he was described as a “compositor and provision dealer”.  He left a personal estate of £181 7s 3d to his widow Martha.  Leonard was buried at Burngreave Cemetery on 2nd November 1890, grave number 82, section P1 (1)
Martha remained running the grocers shop on Fitzalen Street until at least 1901.  In 1911 Martha has retired and is living with her widowed daughter Agnes at 56 Bressingham Road, West Brightside, Sheffield.  She died a few years later in 1914 aged 78 years old.
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